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Diseases You Can Catch from Your Dog (Symptoms and Treatment) | Dog Health

As much as we love our furry friends, it's essential to be aware of potential health risks when living in close proximity to them. While the bond between humans and dogs is extraordinary, there are diseases that can be transmitted from dogs to humans. In this informative guide, we'll explore these diseases, their symptoms, prevention measures, and how to ensure the well-being of both you and your beloved pet.

At PawBasic, we prioritize your dog's health and safety, and this article aims to educate you about potential health concerns.

Dog Health

Zoonotic Diseases

Zoonotic diseases are illnesses that can be transmitted between animals and humans. Dogs can carry various zoonotic diseases, such as rabies, brucellosis, and leptospirosis. It's crucial to understand these diseases and take preventive measures.

Symptoms: These can vary widely depending on the disease but may include fever, fatigue, muscle aches, and digestive issues.

Seriousness: Zoonotic diseases can range from mild to severe, with some potentially life-threatening.

Treatment: Seek medical attention if symptoms occur. Treatment may involve antibiotics, anti-fungal medication, or vaccines.

Action: Consult a healthcare professional for diagnosis and follow their recommendations.


Rabies is a well-known zoonotic disease transmitted through the bite of an infected animal. Vaccinating your dog against rabies is not only essential for their health but also for protecting you and your family.

Symptoms: Early symptoms include fever and headache, progressing to confusion, hallucinations, and paralysis.

Seriousness: Rabies is almost always fatal once symptoms appear.

Treatment: Immediate medical attention is crucial. Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) is effective if administered early.

Action: If bitten by a dog of unknown vaccination status, clean the wound thoroughly and seek medical help.


Brucellosis is a bacterial infection that can be transmitted from dogs to humans through contact with bodily fluids. This disease can lead to flu-like symptoms and requires medical attention.

Symptoms: Fever, joint pain, and fatigue are common symptoms.

Seriousness: While not usually life-threatening, it can lead to chronic health issues.

Treatment: Antibiotics are used to treat brucellosis.

Action: Consult a healthcare provider if you suspect infection, especially if you work with dogs.


Leptospirosis is another bacterial infection spread through contact with contaminated urine or water. Dogs can become carriers and pass it on to humans. Vaccination and hygiene practices are crucial for prevention.

Symptoms: Symptoms may range from mild flu-like symptoms to severe jaundice and kidney failure.

Seriousness: It can be life-threatening in severe cases.

Treatment: Antibiotics are effective when caught early.

Action: Seek medical help if you or your dog show symptoms, especially after exposure to contaminated water.


Ringworm is a fungal infection that can affect both dogs and humans. It causes itchy, circular rashes on the skin. Maintaining good hygiene and seeking treatment promptly can prevent its spread.

Symptoms: Circular rashes, itching, and redness on the skin.

Seriousness: Generally not life-threatening but can be uncomfortable.

Treatment: Anti-fungal creams and good hygiene practices.

Action: Consult a dermatologist for diagnosis and treatment.

Salmonella and E. coli

These bacteria can be found in a dog's feces, and if proper handwashing is not practiced, they can lead to gastrointestinal infections in humans. Regularly clean up after your dog and wash hands thoroughly.

Symptoms: Diarrhea, abdominal pain, and fever.

Seriousness: Can be severe, especially in vulnerable populations.

Treatment: Rehydration and sometimes antibiotics.

Action: If you suspect infection, seek medical attention, and practice thorough handwashing.

Parasitic Infections

Dogs can carry parasites like ticks, fleas, and intestinal worms, which can indirectly affect human health. Regular parasite control for your dog and maintaining a clean living environment are essential.

Symptoms: Vary based on the parasite but may include digestive issues, itching, and fatigue.

Seriousness: Can be serious, especially if left untreated.

Treatment: Parasite-specific medications.

Action: Consult a veterinarian for your dog and a healthcare provider if you suspect you have a parasitic infection.

Dog Health is Optimal

To minimize the risk of diseases, ensure your dog's vaccinations are up to date, maintain good hygiene practices such as regular handwashing and clean up after your dog, and seek immediate medical attention from a professional if you notice any unusual symptoms in your dog. While some minor issues may benefit from home remedies (e.g., cleaning and disinfecting wounds), always consult a professional for serious illnesses or injuries.

While the companionship of dogs enriches our lives, it's crucial to be aware of potential health risks. By understanding zoonotic diseases, vaccinating your dog, practicing good hygiene, and staying informed, you can create a safe and healthy environment for both you and your beloved pet. At PawBasic, we are committed to providing you with valuable information to ensure the well-being of your furry family members.

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